What is Kona Coffee?
They have abundant early morning sun, less wind, ample wind, and mild nights. These districts have volcanic soil, which is rich in minerals. This is also the reason why Kona coffee grows well in these areas and develops its unique flavor and characteristics.
Picking and Processing
Once these flowers become apparent it will just be a matter of time before the green berries will appear in April. After several months, the berries will transform into red fruits known as coffee cherries. By the time they become, ripe then it is ready for picking. Each tree of Kona coffee will bear at least two pounds of roasted coffee, this means that there is short supply.
It is necessary that the ripe berries should be handpicked. This will be done between August and January every year. Within 24 hours, the coffee cherries that are handpicked should be sent to the pulper so that the beans will be separated from the rest of the fruit.
These beans will then be placed inside the fermentation tank between 12 to 24 hours. Afterward, it will be rinsed and spread out on a rack so it will be dried up. Traditionally, this rack is known as hoshidana and it is specially made to provide the proper drying conditions for Kona coffee. It will take one to two weeks before the beans are dry enough so its papery husk can be shaken off and the process will continue.
Types of Kona Coffee
Type I beans include two beans for every cherry. One side has a flat bean while the other has an oval shaped bean.
Type II beans are also known as peaberries. Each cherry consists of only one round bean.
These coffees will be graded based on its purity, size, and moisture content of the beans. Type I grades include Kona Fancy coffee, Kona Extra Fancy coffee, Kona Prime coffee, Kona Select coffee, or Kona Number 1 coffee. While Type II beans are graded as Peaberry Prime coffee and Peaberry Number 1 coffee.
A lower grade is also known as Number 3 however it is not labelled as Kona coffee based on the Hawaiian regulations. Nevertheless, they are still sold in blends, but they have other names.
One of the most obvious things about Kona coffee is its sweet tinges. This is why most people feel that it is well rounded and mellow. If you have been searching for a coffee that you can enjoy even without any cream, sugar, syrups or any type of flavoring, then Kona is the right fit. It is smooth and bright, yet it also has a nice finish with a touch of acidity. Aside from its flavor, perhaps the most enjoyable part of drinking Kona coffee is its fantastic aroma which comes out during brewing.